Who invented the Myers-Briggs test and how does it work?

Who invented the Myers-Briggs test and how does it work?


Myers-Briggs Test – The Story Behind the 16 Personalities (Plus Q&A) Did you know? Two women, Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers are credited with creating the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, or MBTI, the most popular personality test in the world. More than two million people take the MBTI every year.

You can take the test yourself at 16personalities.com.

It is used in 26 countries to assess employees, students, soldiers, and even potential marriage partners. It is used by Fortune 500 companies and universities, in self-improvement seminars and wellness retreats.

Katharine was born in 1875, Isabel was born in 1897. When Katharine died in 1968, the MBTI test was nearly forgotten. But Isabel had codified the method of testing and categorizing personalities and copyrighted in 1943.

In 1968, a third woman, Mary McCaulley, discovered the test and teamed up with Isabel, helping to make the test a more “professional operation.” By 1980, when Isabel passed, the test’s popularity was just taking off.

While it has now become a 2-billion dollar industry, the women were not in it for the money – they actually believe they had discovered a way to help people be happier and also a way to make working more efficient (by putting people in positions that worked for them).

The basic theory behind the MBTI is that there are 16 kinds of people in the world, but that each personality type reduces to a set of elements taken from four either/or binaries.

Everyone is either extroverted or introverted, sensing (meaning relying on sense data) or intuitive, thinking or feeling, judging or perceiving. Your “score” on the test is the combination of the 4 characteristics indicated by your answers to the 93 questions

While it is widely used in organizations and HR departments around the world, the MBTI is also promoted as a means of self-discovery, and that is undoubtedly why it is so widely used today – and it is the purpose of our discussion today.

So, I test as ENFP-A, which is considered the “Campaigner.” What’s your MBTI personality type?

 

Am I Being Gaslighted? (Test)

Am I Being Gaslighted? (Test)

Ever feel like you’re going crazy and you can’t quite figure out why? Does someone in your life make you doubt yourself and your own reality? Do you ever ask yourself, “Am I being gaslighted?”

What is Gaslighting?

Gaslighting is a very toxic manipulation tactic that is employed by most narcissists. Not only is this tactic pervasive and highly-effective, but it is nearly impossible to detect unless you know what you’re looking for, specifically. Gaslighting is meant to manipulate (someone) by psychological means into questioning their own sanity.

Take this Am I Being Gaslighted Test right now, and find out if you might be dealing with a toxic person who is gaslighting and manipulating you.

You are not alone

Let us walk you through it.

Subscribe for an enhanced recovery experience designed especially for survivors of narcissistic abuse – and customized for your personal current situation.

New Study Says 17 Qualities Make Your Personality Healthy, Plus Q&A Replay

New Study Says 17 Qualities Make Your Personality Healthy, Plus Q&A Replay


New Study Says 17 Qualities Make Your Personality Healthy, Plus Q&A Replay for CPTSD, NPD relationships and overcoming narcissistic relationships recovery – toxic relationship rehab. Recorded live.

New research from scientists at the University of California, Davis: Read the full study here. 

Researchers found that these 17 qualities are most likely to indicate a “healthy” personality.

In the two-part study that was recently published in one of my favorite reads – the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, study-author Wiebke Bleidorn and her colleagues asked 137 trait psychology experts to identify what a “healthy personality” would look like, according to them.

They based their findings on a surprisingly simple method, in which they rated 30 facets of the five key personality traits, which include:

  • Neuroticism – people who score high on neuroticism are more likely than average to be moody and to experience such feelings as anxiety, worry, fear, anger, frustration, envy, jealousy, guilt, depressed mood and loneliness.
  • Extraversion – all about how outgoing and social a person is. Those who score higher in extraversion on a personality test tend to become the life of every party. They enjoy being with people, participating in social gatherings, and are full of energy.
  • Openness to experience – involves six different facets/dimensions, including active imagination or fantasy, aesthetic sensitivity, attentiveness to inner feelings, preference for variety and intellectual curiosity.
  • Agreeableness – people with a high level of agreeableness in a personality test are typically very warm, friendly and tactful, with an optimistic view of human nature. They tend to get along well with other people.
  • Conscientiousness –  all about being careful, or vigilant. People who score high in conscientiousness tend to want to do their tasks well, and they are most likely to take obligations to others more seriously. They are often seemingly efficient and organized, but not as easy-going and definitely not disorderly.

Their ratings helped researchers create an expert consensus profile of the psychologically healthy individual.

The “healthy” qualities for a personality, according to the study authors, include:

  1. psychologically well-adjusted
  2. open to feelings
  3. ability to resist temptation
  4. straightforward
  5. competent
  6. high self-esteem
  7. spontaneous
  8. responsible
  9. ambitious
  10. good self-regulatory skills
  11. optimistic outlook on the world
  12. clear, stable self-view
  13. low in aggression and meanness
  14. unlikely to exploit others
  15. relatively immune to stress
  16. self-sufficient
  17. warm connection to others

What do you think? Are they right?

9 Advantages of Assertiveness

9 Advantages of Assertiveness

As survivors of narcissistic abuse, many of us find it hard to be assertive. Passivity is often viewed as a form of politeness. We’re raised to make others happy, even at our own expense.

The other end of the spectrum has its own unique set of challenges. Aggression isn’t pleasing to others. Others are likely to give up too much when faced with aggression. This creates negative feelings and damages emotions.

Assertiveness is an attractive option and provides multiple benefits to you and those around you.

Learn to be assertive rather than passive or aggressive and enjoy these perks:

1. Boost your self-esteem. What could be better for your self-esteem than speaking up for yourself and taking action to influence the world around you, Depression is often caused by feeling a lack of control. Assertiveness is a form of taking control and responsibility.

2. Strengthen your self-confidence. When you’re assertive, things start to go your way. As your results get better, your confidence in yourself will increase, too.

3. Increase your communication. Part of being assertive is speaking up for what you want and being open with your desires. If you think about the least assertive people you know, you don’t know them very well. They keep everything to themselves. Assertive people have an openness to them that non-assertive people do not.

4. Accomplish more. When you’re open with your opinions and wants, and you’re taking action to make them happen, you’ll be shocked by how much more effective you can be.

5. Others assume you are confident. There are multiple benefits to being perceived as confident. People will assume you’re more capable, intelligent, and have better leadership skills than someone that is less confident. It’s also attractive to others.

6. Get what you want more often. Imagine you’re in a group of people, and the subject of choosing a restaurant for dinner comes up. The person that offers a suggestion usually “wins.”Most people are too passive to offer an opinion. This tendency can be found in all facets of life. Those that are too passive sacrifice too much in making others happy. This might seem noble, but it’s a frustrating way to live. The belief is that you’ll eventually receive what you want if you let others have everything they want. This rarely works in real life.

7. Get in touch with your feelings. When you suppress your emotions and desires, you lose touch with yourself. By consistently pursuing that which you desire, you’ll gain a much better understanding of yourself.

8. Win-win situations become the norm. When you’re too passive, the other person gets things their way. When you’re too aggressive, you might have things go your way more often, but the other person is resentful. The best opportunity for both of you to be satisfied with the outcome is to be assertive.

9. Enhance your decision-making skills. Passive people often base decisions on the least confrontational solution. Aggressive people are biased in the opposite direction. Those that are assertive have a more neutral stance. Their passivity and aggressiveness don’t taint their perspective. Decisions are less emotion-based.

Assertiveness is a combination of honesty and respect for others and yourself. When you’re assertive, you’re honest about your intentions, wants, and desires. You aren’t forcing them on others, but you’re willing to express them and own them. You’re also being respectful by not hiding your intentions.

Passivity and aggressiveness aren’t pleasing to others and are less effective than assertiveness. Allow others to respect you by being more assertive in all your interactions. You’ll enjoy the results!

Why the narcissist picked YOU

Why the narcissist picked YOU

Why did a narcissist choose YOU to abuse? What made you attractive to a narcissist and how can you learn to change that so you can avoid being in a relationship with a narcissist again in the future? I’m answering these questions and more in today’s video.

Get my book, “Gaslighting, Love Bombing and Flying Monkeys: The Ultimate Toxic Relationship Survival Guide for Victims and Survivors of Narcissistic Abuse” free through Monday, June 26 -right here: http://amzn.to/2tS5osp

**UPDATE: Get notified each time I go live by text! Just text ‘AngieLive’ (with no spaces) to 33222 and I’ll send you a text each time I’m going to be live streaming on YouTube – it’s free!***

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