20+ Little-Known Facts About Selfies: History, Motivation and More

20+ Little-Known Facts About Selfies: History, Motivation and More

Selfies are an ever-growing trend among people of all ages. The word “selfie” was even introduced into the English Oxford Dictionary, where it’s defined as “a photograph that one has taken of oneself, typically one taken with a smartphone or webcam and uploaded to a social media website.”

Yep, you already knew that. But today, I’m going to share more than 20 facts you probably didn’t know about selfies.

They Were Pioneer (Selfie Photographers)

994111-1900-selfieYou might think that selfies are a phenomenon that began with smart phones and standard on-board cameras, but you’d be wrong. But whether Paul McCartney invented them or they were officially an art from as early as the 1800s, they are definitely an art from.

As this post from an Australian news and blog site shows, selfies have been around since before most of us were born.

(Though, to be fair, the widespread phenomenon and the term “selfie” can be traced to those phone cameras everyone’s carrying around these days.)

“At the turn of the twentieth century, seflies like this one taken by a woman in 1900 were among millions by amateur photographers all over the world,” writes the author about the photo at the right. “But unlike today when people take and share images instantly with the world, many first generation selfies were most likely taken by snappers experimenting with their new cameras who had to wait to see how their images would turn out.”

Selfies: An Analytical History

New York Magazine contributor Jerry Saltz wrote a very detailed and expansive analysis and history of the selfie at Vulture.com, one that made me laugh, think and feel a little sad  for our society.

“Selfies are usually casual, improvised, fast; their primary purpose is to be seen here, now, by other people, most of them unknown, in social networks,” Saltz says. “They are never accidental: Whether carefully staged or completely casual, any selfie that you see had to be approved by the sender before being embedded into a network. This implies control as well as the presence of performing, self-criticality, and irony.”

He adds a comparison that makes some selfie-artists cringe.

“Unlike traditional portraiture, selfies don’t make pretentious claims,” Saltz says. “They go in the other direction—or no direction at all. Although theorists like Susan Sontag and Roland Barthes saw melancholy and signs of death in every photograph, selfies aren’t for the ages. They’re like the cartoon dog who, when asked what time it is, always says, ‘Now! Now! Now!’”

These Are the Selfies of Your Life…or Someone’s, Anyway

selfie funeralSome people are just a little different–and it seems that our culture is making it acceptable to be a little “off.” Not only acceptable, but commendable, even. For example, there are a number of websites that exist for the purpose of taking…unconventional…selfies.

  • Selfies at Funerals–This is a site entirely dedicated to (literally) selfies…taken at funerals. Yeah. Interestingly enough, the guy wrote his final post in December of 2013, entitled ‘obama has taken a funeral selfie, so our work here is done.’ And yes, the photo at the left features a lovely young lady who engaged in this rather upsetting practice.
  • Selfies with homeless people–Again, exactly what it sounds like. Again, makes my stomach turn a little.
  • And then there are the selfies that just kind of make you go “hmm.” Even when you secretly know you’ve done it too.
  • Car Selfies–Okay, we’ve probably all taken a car selfie, now and then, but some people take it to a whole new level. Like The Chive‘s Mac, who is so into them that he created a post full of more than 50 car selfies, each of a woman he finds particularly attractive. Fetish much, Mac? 😉 I kid, I kid.
  • Ugly Selfies–Jessica Bennett’s expose in the New York Times about ugly selfies honestly surprised me a little. As someone who is all about editing the crap out of my own selfies, I didn’t expect to see teenagers intentionally taking ugly pics of themselves–and sharing them in their social networks. But, according to the author, this isn’t a new practice. “There is a long history of women using self-portraiture as a form of radical self-expression (think Frida Kahlo, Cindy Sherman),” Bennett writes. “In fact, it was a teenage girl — a Russian grand duchess — who is believed to have taken the first-ever selfie, with a box camera, in 1913.”
  • Weird Selfie News–Graduates asked not to take selfies earlier this month at two separate schools in different parts of the country. “Graduates at the University of South Florida and Bryant University in Smithfield, R.I., have been asked to refrain from taking self-portraits with their cell phones as they collect their diplomas,” according to the AP. “The seemingly simple directive is standing out for placing the slightest curtailment on a collective societal march toward sharing every waking moment on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook and the like.”

Selfies: Good or Bad?

duckface selfieYou know how they say you can prove anything if you want to? These next two articles are an example of that.According to this article in the New York Times, selfies are good for girls–but then again, this article over at Jezebel suggests that they’re actually more of a cry for help.

Do selfies matter? This article from Times Magazine says yes–and outlines the whys of it all. And this one from the New York Times entitled ‘My Selfie, My Self’ adds to the same theory, and it looks like the folks at CBS Atlanta might be on the same page, if this article is any indicator.

Some people suggest that selfies could actually be an indicator of a mental disorder, as is explained in this article from Forbes Magazine. And the Positively Media blog over at Psychology Today suggests that it might even be a narcissistic trait (shocking, I know!). Of course, The Daily Hiit has rounded up those it considers the “worst” kinds, in this photo-filled article (that produced the lovely duckface you see to your left, along with 15 other eye-poppers).
 
How about you? Do you take selfies? How do you feel about them? Let me hear what you think!
 
Too Black? Resume Name Tweak Proves that Racism Still Exists in 2014

Too Black? Resume Name Tweak Proves that Racism Still Exists in 2014

“It may be shocking to some people in this country to realize that, without meaning to do so, they hold views in common with Hitler when they preach discrimination against other religious, racial or economic groups.” ~Henry A. Wallace
racist go homeI hope you’re sitting down–because if you think like I think, this post might just make you pretty angry.

You might think that in 2014, there would be no reason to even write about this topic but yet here we are–in 2014, still dealing with a very, very outdated issue.

Today, I’m sharing a story about a friend’s recent experience modern-day racism–and unfortunately, it’s still really going on. Here’s what happened.

A Stay-at-Home Dad’s Dilemma

My friends Trell and Randi just bought their first home last year. They’ve got two kids and they are just the sweetest couple. They are also great parents and it shows: they have beautiful, healthy and happy kids who are also very polite and just a pleasure to be around.

Randi works in retail management, but as long as I’ve known them, Trell has been a stay at home dad. As a father, husband and home owner, I assumed at first that this was a choice he’d made, that they’d made together.

After all, he’s a good dad. He gets his daughter up and ready for school each day, takes care of his son all day and cooks for the family on a regular basis. I thought this was great since Randi works so hard outside the home. A real-life Modern Family!

But a few weeks ago, I learned that Trell has been looking for a job for quite some time. He didn’t mind being home with the kids, but he really wanted to be able to financially support the family.

When I learned that, I asked him if he knew what the problem might be. He said he didn’t know–he always had trouble finding a job.

So I asked him to describe the application and interview process he typically experienced. He said that although he had submitted applications on a consistent basis for months, he rarely had interviews.

This made me want to help him solve the problem. So I asked about his resume. And there, we found the problem.

Right at the top.

Auntrell C. Haynes-his full name.

Black Name Resume Issues: Complete Crap, But Real

black person resumeThat’s when I remembered the studies I’d read about when my husband and I were trying to choose names for our kids. Names matter when it comes to getting a job, and not in a good way, exactly.

“A job applicant with a name that sounds like it might belong to an African-American – say, Lakisha Washington or Jamal Jones – can find it harder to get a job,” reads one such study. “Despite laws against discrimination, affirmative action, a degree of employer enlightenment, and the desire by some businesses to enhance profits by hiring those most qualified regardless of race, African-Americans are twice as likely as whites to be unemployed and they earn nearly 25 percent less when they are employed.”

To clarify, that means that the studies found that if you put two identical resumes together, one with a “white” name and one with a “black” name, the “white” person will be called back significantly more often .

“Job applicants with white names needed to send about 10 resumes to get one callback; those with African-American names needed to send around 15 resumes to get one callback,” the study authors found. 

Yep, my friend named Tanisha Jones would be far less likely to get a call for an interview than someone named Kelly Smith.

But, though that study is from at least 10 years ago, it seems that not much has improved since then.

Black Name Resume STUDY: Are Emily and Brendan More Employable than Lakisha and Jamal?

This is the name of a study from Marianne Bertrand, an associate professor at the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, and Sendhil Mullainathan of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in which she used a field experiment to measure the extent of race-based job discrimination in the current labor market.

blavk“From July 2001 to May 2002, Bertrand and Mullainathan sent fictitious resumes in response to 1,300 help-wanted ads listed in the Boston Globe and the Chicago Tribune. They used the callback rate for interviews to measure the success of each resume. Approximately 5,000 resumes were sent for positions in sales, administrative support, clerical services, and customer service. Jobs ranged from a cashier at a store to the manager of sales at a large firm,” explains the overview. Read the full study here

In 2009, as awareness of this phenomenon spread among young professionals, a survey found that black people were actively “whitening” their resumes, as evidenced by the following.

“Black job seekers said the purpose of hiding racial markers extended beyond simply getting in the door for an interview,” according to a 2009 report in the New York Times. It was also part of making sure they appeared palatable to hiring managers once race was seen. Activism in black organizations, even majoring in African-American studies can be signals to employers.

Our sociological experiment: Playing the black name resume game

I told Trell about the studies and asked his middle name.

“Charles,” he told me.

With that, I made a suggestion to him: Why not change the way he puts his name on his resume and see what happens?

Name Change=Game Change

“Try A. Charles Haynes,” I said.

He figured he had nothing to lose, so he put a new resume out there with his new moniker. Here’s where the story gets happy and sad at the same time.

Happy because he immediately started getting calls, had several interviews and in fact chose the position he took–which, by the way, he started yesterday.

Sad because, seriously? In our society, in 2014, people are still so small-minded that they make assumptions about someone based on their name?

I’m just going to say it: this is one of those things about our society that seriously pisses me off. Hey, world: y’all know we don’t choose our own names, right?

Let’s recap, shall we? 

This man submitted applications unsuccessfully for months. But after less than a week with his “new” name, he had his pick of jobs.

Maybe it was a coincidence, but Trell didn’t think so. He felt so strongly about it that he told his mother, who at first, might have been a little unsure about it. But when he told her he had a job, she asked him to thank me for the suggestion.

And then, Trell asked me to write this story, because he wants others to know that, if they have a “black”- sounding name and they’re struggling to get a job, this might be part of the reason. That’s why I wrote this article.

What makes a name sound black?

I think most Americans could understand what I mean here, but just in case you don’t, let me ask you something. When I told you about Tanisha and Kelly above, which one did you assume was black, and which one was white?

Tanisha is black and Kelly’s white, right?

Nope.

The real Tanisha Jones is a white woman–a friend’s cousin. And Kelly Smith? An African-American I knew in college.  Yep.

And Trell isn’t alone. This stuff happens all the time–like in 2012 when a black woman who couldn’t get a job pretended to be a white woman and her job offers suddenly skyrocketed. Coincidence? Maybe. Bullshit? Definitely.

Are you angry yet?

What do you think about this “phenomenon?” Does it make you angry? Do you think it’s fair? Has it happened to you? Share your thoughts in the comments section below,  or via your favorite social media profile.

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